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Western Civilization I - Europe to 1700
The Old Kingdom
The Middle Kingdon
The New Kingdom
Egypt in Decline
(in brief) From the Persians to the Romans
Society and Economy
Language, Script, Writing and Literature
The Egyptian Religion
The Sciences in Ancient Egypt
Art and Architecture
This recorded lecture focuses on certain points discussed in this section that have arisen ambiguity, conflicting opinions, or extensive discussion among the historians.
(coming soon) for 30 min.
Ancient Egypt. Read the whole text.
Read about the first recorded treaty in history between the Egyptians and the Hittites.
From the Egyptian pantheon essay read the first part only.
Study the Map of Ancient Egypt from the University of Chicago Oriental Institute Map Series. Print the PDF Outline Map of Ancient Egypt (modern Egypt and Sudan) and place Cairo, Giza, Memphis, Sakkara, el-Amarna, Thebes, Karnak, Luxor, Aswan, Abu Simbel cities/sites on the blank map.
What is the significance of Menes/Narmer in Egyptian tradition?
Outline the main characteristics of unified Egypt during the Old Kingdom.
What was the cause for the collapse of the Old Kingdom regime?
Who were the Hyksos, when and why did they take over in Egypt?
Outline the main characteristics of Egyptian life during the New Kingdom period.
Name the two most prominent pharaohs of the New Kingdom and explain why they are significant.
What is the significance of the peace treaty that Egyptians and Hittites concluded after the battle of Kaddesh (1258 B.C.)
In chronological order, name the peoples whose leaders ruled Egypt after the Battle of Pellusium (525 BC).
Describe the administrative structure.
Describe the social structure.
Describe the cycle of land cultivation.
What were the three script styles of the egyptian language?
What were the functions of Osiris, Isis, Horus, and Ra in Egyptian religion? (Hint: you may have to consult the list of deities).
What is mummification and why was it practiced in Ancient Egypt?
Why were Egyptian physicians famous in Ancient times?
Name and describe one artifact or monument from Ancient Egypt. (Tip: you may also use the images from the required readings)
Test Yourself Questions
In a short essay and according to your opinion describe and discuss the most important characteristic of Ancient Egypt or the most important event in Ancient Egyptian history. Justify your selection.
Pharaoh Akhenaten/Amenophis IV
Pharaoh Ramesses/Ramses II
The two versions of the peace treaty between Ramses II and Hattusili III.
Ancient Egyptian Scipt (hieroglyphs)
Ancient Egyptian religion
Ancient Egyptian medicine
Pyramid of Djoser/Step Pyramid
Giza pyramid complex
Great Pyramid of Giza/Pyramid of Khufu/Cheops
New York Metropolitan Museum of Art. Tip: Choose "Egyptian Art" from 'Select Department' dropdown.
British Museum Highlights. Tip: use "egypt" in the search box.
Cairo Egyptian Museum Highlights. Tip: Choose "Collection" from the top menu.
Aldred, Cyril. The Egyptians. 3rd ed. London: Thames & Hudson, 1998.
Davies, W. V. Reading the Past: Egyptian Hieroglyphs. London: British Museum, 1987.
Edwards, I. E. S. The Pyramids of Egypt. Revised & Updated. London: Penguin, 1985.
(all dates are approximate)
|Pre-Dynastic||to 2700 B.C.|
|Old Kingdom||2700-2040 B.C.|
|Middle Kingdom||2040-1550 B.C.
|New Kingdom||1550-1070 B.C.
|Pharaonic Decline||1070-525 B.C.
|Persian Rule||525-332 B.C.
|Greek Rule||332-30 B.C.
|Roman Rule||30 B.C.-A.D. 395
Rulers of Ancient Egypt